Iran’s military has begun its annual war games in a coastal area of the Gulf of Oman, state TV reported on Sunday, less than a month before nuclear talks with the West.

The report said navy and air force units as well as ground forces were taking part in the exercise in an area of more than 386,100 square miles (1 million square kilometres) east of the strategic Strait of Hormuz.

Nearly 20% of all oil shipping passes through the strait to the Gulf of Oman and Indian Ocean.

A tank on manoeuvres in southeastern Iran
A tank on manoeuvres in southeastern Iran (Iranian Army via AP)

The drill comes amid heightened tensions between Iran and the US in the wake of former president Donald Trump’s unilateral withdrawal of America from Iran’s 2015 nuclear deal with world powers.

State TV said brigades including commandos and airborne infantry deployed for the annual exercise. Fighter jets, helicopters, military transport aircraft, submarines and drones were also expected to take part. It was not immediately clear how long the exercise would last.

Dubbed “Zolfaghar-1400”, the war games are aimed at “improving readiness in confronting foreign threats and any possible invasion”, state TV said.

Troops on manoeuvres in southeastern Iran
Troops on manoeuvres during the annual war games (Iranian Army via AP)

US officials said last week that Iran had seized a Vietnamese-flagged oil tanker in the Gulf of Oman last month and is still holding the vessel in its port.

Iran offered conflicting accounts of what happened, claiming that elite Revolutionary Guard commandos had thwarted a US seizure of a tanker carrying Iranian oil in the Gulf of Oman and freed the vessel. It aired dramatic footage on state television but did not further explain the incident.

The nuclear deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, or JCPOA, promises Iran economic incentives in exchange for limits on its nuclear programme, and is meant to prevent Tehran from developing a nuclear bomb.

Paratroopers prepare for deployment during the annual war games
Paratroopers prepare for deployment during the exercise (Iranian Army via AP)

After the US withdrew from the deal in 2018 and restored sanctions on Iran, the Islamic Republic gradually – and publicly – abandoned the deal’s limits on its nuclear development.

Iran says its stockpile of 20% enriched uranium has reached more than 463lb (210kg), the latest defiant move ahead of forthcoming nuclear talks with the West.

Under the historic nuclear deal, Iran was prohibited from enriching uranium above 3.67%. Enriched uranium above 90% can be used for nuclear weapons, though Tehran insists its nuclear programme is peaceful.

After months of delays, the European Union, Iran and the US announced last week that indirect talks to resuscitate the deal would resume on November 29 in Vienna.